Sea Level Rise as a Design and Planning Issue

In the past 21 years, 2.3 billion people were affected by floods and 242,000 deaths were a result of flooding; floods accounted for 40% of the global total for all weather-related disasters during this time period (COOPS, 2016). In 2017, floods caused approximately $60.7 billion worth of property and crop damage and 116 fatalities across the United States (DESAPD, 2018).


Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (COOPS). (2016).
NOAA Tides and Currents. Retrieved January 28, 2021, from 

Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (DESAPD). (2018). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision. Retrieved November 15, 2020, from on DiVincenti, C., Wetmore, F., & Bernstein, G. (2006). The evaluation of the National Flood Insurance Program final report. Washington D.C.: American Institutes for Research. Retrieved from